Personal fall protection equipment (PFPE) has to be used by anyone who works in an area where there is a risk of falling, e.g. roofers, height rescue specialists, scaffolders, or people who work in the industrial climbing sector. It is one of the individual protective measures required by the relevant professional bodies when it is not possible to use collective safety measures such as safety nets or side guards. A differentiation is made between restraint systems, fall arrest systems, and rescue systems.
Whereas restraint systems are designed to prevent falls, fall arrest systems securely catch people who fall and reduce the impact force on the body. It is important to always ensure that there is a sufficient amount of fall clearance.
Rescue systems are also classed as personal fall protection equipment. They enable users to either rescue themselves or be rescued by others.